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A little background on a volunteer expert respondent:
Ed Saugstad. 
B.S. in Entomology - NDSU, 1963.  M.S. in Entomology - Purdue University, 1967
A life-long interest in natural history. Formally trained in entomology, he also has a personal interest in herpetology and has read widely in many biological fields. 21 years in the U.S. Army as a medical entomologist; duties varied from surveillance of pest populations (including mosquitoes, cockroaches, ticks, and stored products pests) to conducting research on mosquito-virus ecological relationships and mosquito faunal studies. Ten years as a civilian analyst for the Department of Defense, primarily on distribution of vector-borne diseases worldwide.

 He is a member of Entomological Society of America, Society for Vector Ecology & National Speleological Society.

American Journal of Public Health, Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology, Journal of Economic Entomology, Mosquito News, and Mosquito Systematics.


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Click on the photos to enlarge.  They are usually much clearer.

1400  This bug, roughly 1/2 inch long, was found on my grape vines and in some lettuce. Something has been eating them both and I wondered if this could be the culprit. The grapevines are being eaten and falling off, big vines even.  I live in Trail, BC (southern interior) What is it and is it bad?  Geoff Scott
This insect is helping, not hurting your grape vines, as it is a larva of a lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). They feed primarily on aphids and other small, soft-bodied insects.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1399  Our mulch is infested with these little red bugs. They scurry around quickly. Are they something we need to deal with?
This appears to be a young nymph of a boxelder bug (Boisea trivittatus; Hemiptera: Rhopalidae). They are more of a nuisance pest than an economic one, and control measures usually are not needed. See   for more detailed information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1398  I collected this bug in the garden, I am saving it for my Grandson to study. It is BRILLIANT GOLD I provided it with foliage from the plant it was on, later in evening  the colour changed to orange with metallic blue sides. This morning it is  metallic gold once again.  Thanks,  Pat Smith,   P.S   I thought I had stuck it rich right on my own land   no need to pan in a faraway creek
  This likely is a tortoise beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Some species can appear quite metallic in appearance (see ); however, their coloration is more the result of light refraction involving a thin layer of moisture held between two layers of their cuticle, rather than pigment (see Once they die, they become quite dull in appearance. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1397  Hi,  Can you please identify this flying beetle for me ?  Location - Anola (just east of Winnipeg), Manitoba.  It is approximately 1 inch long and seem to only come out at night.  We have only noticed them in the spring and early summer.  Can you please advise what this beetle is and what it eats?  The can fly but they crash into everything, spend a lot of time lying on their backs trying to get up.  They seem to have found their way into an outside wall in our house, we are hoping from the outside and will be immediately trying to locate the source, but would like to know what we are dealing with. Thank you in advance, Deb. Anola Manitoba
This beetle is in the family Scarabaeidae; and is one of several species known collectively as "June beetles" or "May bugs." Their larvae are known as white grubs, and can do considerable damage to turf grass as the feed on the roots. See for more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.

Bug picture 1397 is called a June Bug in Texas. They come out at night in the Spring and are attracted to almost any light source. The adult stage of grubs and come out of the Earth. They are very prolific here in Texas and we have to turn off all outside lights to reduce the number of them in our garage at night. They don’t bite or harm us but they tend to land on you an crawl on you. Most of them seem to be gone in the morning.   Paul Koby.   Simonton, Texas
1396  We found this one in our back yard in Eagan MN and are unsure what it is.  Help! Jim.
Why don't spiders stick to their own web but other insects do? LW.
This appears to be a wolf spider (family Lycosidae); note the reflection from a large eye. Some species in the families Agelenidae (funnel web spiders) and Pisauridae (fishing/nursery web spiders) can be very similar in overall appearance, but they lack the enlarged pair of eyes characteristic of wolf spiders, and agelenids have prominent spinnerets at eh end of their abdomen. All are active hunters that do not construct capture webs. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1395. This large spider measured around 1" long.  We live in Northeast Washington below the Canadian border.  The staples next to the spider measure 1/4".  We have never seen a spider like this one in 18 years. Note the hairs on it's legs.  Thank you,  Ellen
This appears to be a female red-backed jumping spider (Phidippus johnsoni), one of the largest members of its family (Salticidae) in North America (see  for an image). Basically harmless to humans, specimens this large are capable of delivering a painful bite if mishandled.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1394  We live in Okotoks Alberta (just south of Calgary) and have noticed this caterpillar like bug on a monkshood.  The plant is on the north side of the house in a fairly shady area and is watered on a very regular basis. They seem to have cocooned themselves in a pod like mass on the top part of the plant where it would flower. Any help on identifying it and ways of dealing with it would be greatly appreciated. Thanks.  Samantha
Although I cannot identify these particular specimens, there are at least a few species of moths in the family Noctuidae whose caterpillars will feed on monkshood. Regardless of their specific identity, they should be susceptible to insecticides that are approved for use by private individuals around the home and garden. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1393  Hi my husband was bit by this bug once last year and again this year. It burns like a cigarette held to your skin. and leaves a large hole and welt the size of a nickel.  please help us identify it. both times it was in our bedroom. in Illinois. during the end of spring.  Heather
This is an assassin bug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae); such as the masked hunter (Reduvius personatus; see for an image). This introduced species commonly is found indoors, and is noted for being able to deliver a very painful ‘bite,’ often followed by a wheal, if mishandled (see ). Somewhat smaller species similar in appearance (Melanolestes spp., often called ‘corsairs’) also can give painful bites. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1392  I've never had a pest problem before, but over the past couple of days, I've found 4 of these little bugs. One in the bathroom sink, one in the shower and two on bedroom walls. It is less than a quarter of an inch long and it's easy to smush them - they don't run at all and stay out in the light. Previous posts (1336 and 1334) kind of looks like my bug, which someone identified as a brown-banded roach, but everything else I read about them don't seem to fit the habits of this tiny bug.  I usually have a pest control spray about twice a year and they just sprayed a couple of weeks ago. Can anyone help? Thanks!
Unfortunately, this does appear to be a nymph of a brown-banded cockroach. I suggest that you review the material at   for prevention and control measures for this species. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1391  Hello. I found this guy on my patio furniture outside in Edmonton, Alberta.
He's about 8 or 9 mm long. There is a red triangle extending across each of his sides, underneath his wings, and his belly has white stripes. There is only the one black stripe down his back when his wings are closed, so I couldn't identify him as either the carrion or the box elder bug. 6 legs, two antennae and a couple of really small mandibles. Is he a problem for me? I assumed since he had wings, I don't need to be too concerned as he probably just flew away from the rest.  Jacqueline.
This is a soft-winged flower beetle (Coleoptera: Melyridae); likely in the genus Malachius; a harmless visitor. See   or an image, and nos. 1317 and 939 for other examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1390   I’m hoping you can help me because I can’t seem to figure out what this bug is. I’ve only seen a bug like this twice. The first time was I picked up a towel on the floor in the laundry room (which is adjacent to the kitchen) and it came out. It did not move super fast or anything. I was able to catch it rather quickly. The second,( the bug in the picture) I caught near my kitchen sink. What is confusing is both bugs were active during the day time.  I have not seen these bugs at night, so that’s part of the confusion. Also, the bugs were thin and actually kind of tiny. I squished the heck out this one in the back so I hope you can still help. Thanks. Amanda
This is a click beetle (Coleoptera: Elateridae), a harmless indoor visitor. The larvae of some click beetles (often called wireworms) can be serious garden/agricultural pests. See no. 1367 for another example. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1389   I live in Chelsea, QC and found this spider on my daughter's stroller.  I was just wondering if anyone knows what it is and if it might be harmful.  It is about 3 inches in diameter.  Leah
Like no. 1388, this is another fishing spider (family Pisauridae) in the genus Dolomedes. It is harmless to humans, although a specimen as large as this one could deliver a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1388  Hello, attached is a couple of photos of what I believe to be a Fishing Spider. When my son first found it, we were convinced it must have been a lost Tarantula of some sort. We aren't used to finding hairy spiders in the 4" diameter range. It was found in a 2nd story bedroom in our home in Bracebridge, Ontario. After determining that it was likely a Fishing Spider, we let it go in the woods. We are about 100 meters from the Muskoka river. Is it common for these spiders to enter and live indoors, or did he hitchhike a ride home in our gear while boating?
This is indeed a fishing spider (family Pisauridae) in the genus Dolomedes; see They will wander some distance from water in search for prey, so it may not have needed to ‘hitchhike.’ See no. 1386 for a different example of this family. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1387 I live in the Willamette Valley in Marion County, Oregon (Keizer, just north of Salem).
I took these pictures of this spider who had made a nest up inside my folded-patio-table-umbrella last night (about 0100 on May 31, 2007). She didn't care much for the flash and poked her head out of the inside of her nest to see what was going on! Any idea what she might be? I checked a number of possibilities. Clearly not a hobo, doesn't seem like an orb weaver, I don't THINK she's a Wolf Spider - I think she was about 1/2" long...I'm too durn'd ignorant of spiders to even have a decent guess. Any help would be greatly appreciated!  Thanks!  Jeff
This is a jumping spider (family Salticidae) in the genus Phidippus; likely Phidippus audax - see These spiders are active hunters with excellent (for spiders) eyesight. They do not spin capture webs, but do construct silken ‘retreats’ where they may rest when not hunting, and also will lay out a single line while stalking prey, that acts as a safety should they misjudge a jump. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1386  I live in South-central Ontario, and found this rather large spider outside on my pop-up screen tent.  It was happily checking out the bugs around, and not bothered by me moving the tent around, I left it there.  It was about 2 inches, from end to end, really that big! Anyone know what it was?  Sara.
This a nursery web spider (family Pisauridae, some species also are known as fishing or dock spiders), in the genus Pisaurina; see These spiders do not spin capture webs, but actively hunt down prey as do their close relatives, the wolf spiders. In spite of their size and appearance, they are harmless to humans, although large specimens can deliver a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1385  Hi:  I just came across your website and it looks wonderful.  Attached are three photos…two of white puffy elongated pests on the undersurface of my pittosporum leaves.  The pests are mushy and kind of brown inside.  The other photo is of a bug from my rose plants.  I live in Sebastopol, California.  Thanks,  Felice

I cannot identify the beetle; it might be a soldier beetle (Cantharidae), but there are aspects of it that bother me with that diagnosis. At any rate, it likely is not a leaf-feeding beetle. The leaf pests appear to be scale insects, such as the cottony cushion scale (Icerya purchasi; Homoptera: Margarodidae), a species commonly found on pittosporum - see for an image and for control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.

1384  Hi.   We live in Kimberley BC and found this spider on our decking.  It has black at the head and red at the tail on the topside.  I have been unable to identify it !!   Can you assist?   Unfortunately we killed it first before taking the picture!!  Apologies if it is obvious but we have just moved here from the UK.  Dave and Angela
This appears to be the remains of a jumping spider (family Salticidae) in the genus Phidippus. Jumping spiders have excellent eyesight (for spiders), and actively stalk their prey. They do not spin a capture web, but often lay out a dragline as they move about; this can serve as a safety if they misjudge a jump. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1383   I live in Huntsville, Alabama and I found this bug in my Rec room this morning not far from a sliding door and my dog door.  It looks like a millipede that was cut off but its body is almost flat. It is approximately 2 ½ inches long.   I picked it up in a tissue and took it outside; when I did, it started to elongate its body.  When I found your site, I went back outside and took pictures; unfortunately, the best one is the one that I took of its underside.  I will also attach the best of the ones that I took from the topside but it was agitated by an ant so it started to crawl off.  Thank you,  Norma
This is a centipede (note that there is one pair of legs per body segment, millipedes have two pair per segment). It is in the order Scolopendromorpha, that includes the largest and most venomous centipedes. Specimens larger than yours can deliver a very painful bite. Many years ago, I was bitten on the hand while trying to collect a 4.5" specimen in San Antonio; it raised a welt the size of a half dollar. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1382  My husband found this in our bathroom on the ceiling.  There are two spots and they are little clusters or mounds of tiny little worms.  What are these?  Are they dangerous? San Antonio, Texas 
Unfortunately, the image is too fuzzy to make any determination. Can you provide a clearer image? Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1381  I live in Eastern Ontario and found this on a bare wall in my basement. It was slightly less than 10mm in size.  This is the second one I find. The first one was crawling around on my lawn mower after taking it out from winter storage.   Philip
This is a comb-footed spider (family Theridiidae) in the genus Steatoda; possibly Steatoda bipunctata - see bipunctata (Fettspinne)_014.jpg  for an image. They are related to the widow spiders, but are not dangerously venomous; some are called "false widows." They can deliver a painful bite if mishandled, as I can personally attest. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1380  Help! I have had these insects in my apartment for the past year or so. They are able to fly, and tend to fly from surface to surface, though spend most of their time perched on a wall or another surface. They don't seem to have any seasonal pattern. I am including a photo of one of them, alongside my thumb for scale. Is there any other information I could provide to help identify these insects - and hopefully get rid of them!?  Thanks, Simon
The image is too fuzzy to be certain, but it could be a fungus gnat (there are many species that fall under this rubric). They breed in damp/wet soil high in organic matter, and often are found in potted plants. See,, and for fact sheets that include control recommendations. If after reviewing these you believe that your insects are not fungus gnats, please submit a clearer (and larger) photo. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1379  There is a colony of these hanging out in and around a friend's deck area here around Sacramento, CA. They move around pretty slowly, and the mature ones fly around sometimes, and the large ones are about one cm in length.  Robert
These appear to be western boxelder bugs (Boisea rubrolineata; Hemiptera: Rhopalidae); although they usually no real damage (they will feed on pears, causing ‘dimpling’ of the fruit), they can become nuisance pests when they occur in or on houses in large numbers. This species also can be found listed as B. rubrolineatus or Leptocoris rubrolineatus. See for more information on boxelder bugs in general.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1378  My husband found this bug?? at work and we are not sure what it is and was wondering if maybe you knew?  Thanks Robin
This is a giant water bug (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae), likely in the genus Lethocerus. Sometimes known as electric light bugs or toe-biters, they are voracious predators (note the raptorial front legs) on other aquatic life, including arthropods, snails, small fish, and salamanders. They can deliver a very painful ‘bite’ with their sharp beak (see for an image) if mishandled, and are strong flies, often found some distance from the nearest water. See for more information on these fascinating giants of the insect world.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1377  I live in NJ, and am seeing these little guys everywhere outside.  They are stuck to my windows, on the ground etc.  Just wondering what to do, and if they can harm anything.  Thanks! 
This appears to be a mayfly (order Ephemeroptera). They are harmless, but they can be nuisances when they occur in very large numbers. They spend the vast majority of their lives as aquatic larvae; the adults do not feed, living just long enough to mate and lay eggs. For much more information, see   Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1376  Attached is a photo of a beetle larva found in a wood-framed sand box.  The grounds around the sandbox host flowering ornamental trees.  Within the past two weeks, the ornamental garden beds have been mulched with wood chips.  Location: Providence, RI, USA.  Date:  May 10, 2007.  The larva is approximately 8cm long and 6cm in circumference near the head.
This appears to be a larva of a long-horned wood-boring beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the genus Prionus; see  for an image. These are the largest wood boring beetles in North America, feeding on the roots of trees. Young larvae begin by feeding on the exterior surface of smaller roots, but as they mature, they may tunnel into larger roots. When ready to pupate, they emerge from their gallery and move towards the surface.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1375  Hi,  I found this bug flying around near the lights in my room in Ottawa, Ontario.  Very loud buzzing sound!  Any idea what it is?
This is a bumble bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Bombus spp.) They are social, but their colonies (usually in cavities below ground level) tend to be much smaller than those of honey bees. They usually are not aggressive, and must be provoked into stinging (there are rare exceptions to this, as I can personally attest).  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1374   I think these may be termites...but they seem way smaller than the ones I'm familiar with. I first found a ton of these in my bathroom..but they were all dead! I have never seen one alive. I wonder why they're all dead..?? We haven't sprayed anything. I have also discovered a little dirt-like nest in the corner of my ceiling in my bathroom. Now I've spotted these in the nearby rooms....all dead! Are these baby termites? And why am I seeing a little graveyard for these little bugs??
  These do indeed appear to be termites, specifically winged reproductives that have emerged in an attempt to find mates and establish new colonies. Those that are unsuccessful usually do not survive for very long. You probably should probe behind the discolored area (it’s not a ‘nest’) in the bathroom for signs of damaged wood, as well as checking your basement/crawl space for signs of termite presence (usually irregular mud tubes that serve as their highways when moving between foraging sites). See and  for some examples. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1373  I took the original picture from not very close up, thinking I was snapping a shot of one beetle. When I got home and loaded the picture onto my computer, I saw that it was really two beetles, either mating or fighting. Anyways, I found them at a place called Duchesney Falls (just outside of North Bay, Ontario) which is a wooded and rocky area beside a large waterfall. If you can, please tell me what kind of beetle it is! Thanks!  Emilie.
These are mating tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Nice photo, as these beetles are usually very wary and difficult to approach closely. They are voracious predators on many other small arthropods, as are their larvae that ambush prey from the mouth of their burrow in the (usually sandy) soil. These could be purple tiger beetles (Cicindela purpurea); see for an image and for more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1372  Hello from Mount Vernon, Washington. I have these bugs in my upstairs rec room and I clean all of them out one day and they're back the next day. It's May and springtime here so maybe that's why they're active now. I noticed a lot of them around a skylight that opens and was thinking maybe there's a nest or something around the skylight. They are about 1/8" in size and have wings about the length of their body but I really haven't seen them fly. They don't live very long either. I've attached a photo since I couldn't see a photo like it on the site. Thanks for any help you can give me... john
This is a seed bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae), it bears some resemblance to those in the genus Blissus (chinch bugs), but only if the wings are very short - see  (this cannot be determined from the photo). Chinch bugs do not make a ‘nest,’ but this is the time of year that they usually emerge from their overwintering quarters (usually grass clumps) in search of food and mates. They can be quite damaging pests of turf grass and grain crops; see I have no explanation for your finding numbers of them indoors. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1371  Please help me identify - I found this insect crawling in my garage. It reminds me of a praying mantis, but the abdomen is wider, with an orange to tan oval on top of the abdomen and an orange spot at the "tail", is approx. 3/4" long. M. Perry, Cabot, AR
This is an assassin bug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae); likely in the genus Pselliopus (see for an image). For the most part, assassin bugs (such as this one) are general predators on other small arthropods. A few species in Mexico and Central/South America are blood feeders and can transmit Chagas’ Disease (American Trypanosomiasis). Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1370  We first noticed these bugs in our garden two years ago when they presented themselves as unprovoked stingers.  Last year there were many more of them and this spring all of the spring flowers in our garden have masses of them visiting and entering deep into the flowers.  In years prior to the arrival of these new bugs our spring flowers were always visited by scores of honey bees!  These stinging insects do not die easily when swatted; they just get up and try again. We would like to identify them and find out if they can be safely controlled.  Are they appearing here due to global warming???   We live in Mulmur, Ontario.  Approximately one and a half-hour's drive north from Toronto Airport.  Thank you.  Pauline.
This is a bee, possibly in the family Halictidae (the diagnostic characters cannot be seen in this image); several species in this family are native to eastern Canada. Often called "sweat bees," some species appear attracted to sweaty skin, where they may sting with little or no provocation, particularly if they get entangled in body hair. For the most part, they are solitary bees, nesting in borrows in the ground or in rotten wood. Control usually is not practical, and the effects of their stings, although painful, usually do not last very long. Also, they can play a useful role in pollinating some plants, including sunflowers and blueberries. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1369  Hi,  I found this insect buzzing in the grass, South East England, 3rd May; I was struck by it’s size, just over 2 inches long and nothing like I’ve seen in this country; it eventually buzzed itself into the air and disappeared into the trees. What is it?  thanks.  Jenny
This appears to a European hornet (Vespa crabro; Hymenoptera: Vespidae). It is widely distributed in Eurasia and eastern North America. Unlike some other well-known members of its family, it is not particularly aggressive, and I have done yard work in close proximity to a colony of them, without being bothered a bit by them. See for much more information. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1368  hello!  I was hoping you could help me. I have bought this plant at a green house and tried to get it to adjust to the outdoors by leaving it out for a few days before i planted it. When i went to plant it, around a week after i bought it) i was pulling it apart to plant and then i found a sack full of eggs. My husband was convinced it was fertiliser so i messed around with the egg sack and to my horror i found that a bunch of these horrible eggs have already hatched. I'm really worried that i bought a bad pest to my garden. Anyone could help me figure out what they are i would greatly appreciate it. Thank you, Keren from Denmark.
Although I must admit that these do resemble some pelleted fertilisers, they might be eggs of a millipede or centipede (see for a description). However, about the only sure way to identify them is to find whatever might have hatched from them. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1367  Hi I live in Newfoundland and since spring has arrived we have been finding these on the floor and carpet mostly around the doorway and in the laundry room. They move fairly slowly and are usually about 1 cm in length.
This is a click beetle (Coleoptera: Elateridae). The adults are leaf feeders, and should do no damage indoors where they are accidental invaders. The larvae (wireworms) primarily feed on underground portions of plants (roots, tubers, etc.), and some species can be important agricultural/garden pests. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1366  Photographed in garden in Oakville Ontario - perched on what is left of dinner - Inula royleana - all five of these second year plants have large holes - nothing else in garden touched.  Any ideas?  Many thanks.  Barbara
The bug in the photo (possibly a leaf-footed bug, Hemiptera: Coreidae) is not responsible for the damage, as it has piercing-sucking rather than chewing mouthparts. Also, from what I understand, Inula royleana is considered rather pest-free. If the damage is being caused by insects, spraying with a garden insecticide registered for homeowner use should help.   Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1365 Hello from Idaho Falls, Idaho. I was sitting at my desk today and saw this spider sitting on the answering machine, so I shooed it away. He came back and just sat there! Did this many times and it just keeps coming back to sit in that spot. I am no fan of spiders, used to have 3-4 wolf and jumping spiders in my bathroom each morning when I lived out in the country. Can anyone tell me if it's dangerous, I know we have Hobo Spiders here in Idaho. I have seen them in my house. EEK.  Uh, okay, it just appeared there again after I shooed it out of the room. I'm creeped out. Someone please tell me it's harmless.  Bev.
This spider is harmless( to humans, anyway). I cannot be certain because the image is too grainy, but it might be an oblong running crab spider (family Philodromidae); see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1364  Hello, I noticed a frighteningly large spider outside my home in Athens, Ohio and photographed it.  The spider appeared, night after night, for several weeks in the same spot on a cinder block wall.  It disappeared for a few days and then reappeared on my porch right in front of my door.  This is the largest spider I have ever seen other than those in the Tarantula family.  I believe it to be a wolf spider, but I am certainly no expert.  I tossed the only thing I had on me, a cigarette butt, next to it to give a representation of the spider’s size.  The cigarette butt measures roughly 1.1 inches in length, so obviously this is a large specimen.  It appears to be pregnant- can this be?  Hope you enjoy the photo.  Ian
This could be a fishing/dock/nursery web spider (family Pisauridae). Closely related to wolf spiders (family Lycosidae), they differ in their eye arrangement and in how females carry their egg sac. Nursery web spiders carry their egg with their chelicerae (‘fangs’) - see whereas wolf spiders carry theirs attached to their spinnerets at the end of their abdomen - see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1363  Hello from Victoria, B.C.
I recently got almost 2 dozen painful bites from what I thought at first was a mosquito but now know was not. I found this spider crawling across our floor--  could this be what bit me? Also, is it dangerous?  Is it even a spider? I can only count 6 legs- don't spiders have 8? Very confusing. Thanks.  R.P.
This is a male (note the enlarged pedipalps) spider (it has lost two of its legs), but the photo is too unclear (and also lacks any indication of its size) to make a determination, although its overall shape is reminiscent of a Pisaurid. Whatever it is, it is not a species dangerous to human health, and it is extremely unlikely that it was responsible for your bites. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
   Addendum: After further consideration, this could be a male philodromid crab spider such as Philodromus dispar - see for an image. They have been reported from southern British Colombia.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1362  I.D. my spider please.  Gabrielle
This appears to be a male widow spider (Latrodectus spp.); note the enlarged pedipalps and the ventral ‘hourglass’marking. Male widow spiders generally are considered harmless to humans (they are capable of biting, but both their fangs and venom glands are much smaller than those of female widow spiders).  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1361  Good Afternoon, I want to know if you can help me to know what kind of insect is this and how can we eliminate them I believe that we have silverfish also. I've seen this in the insole of my wife's shoes which she doesn't use any more. We have a carpet in our closet and it is humid. I'll ad a picture of some shoes that have been like eroded. Thank you very much for you knowledge. I forgot to mention that the shoe was apparently full of white powder like wall pieces. If it is a larva do I have to look for the bigger insect or how can i detect it? What should I do?  Robert.
This is a larva of a beetle in the family Dermestidae, likely one of the carpet/furniture beetles in the genus Anthrenus. See for a fact sheet on carpet beetles that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1360  I live in Topsail, Newfoundland and last summer this bug and thousands of his friends ate almost all the leaves off my privet hedge.  Can you please tell me what it is? Thanks, Pat 
This is a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), bearing a close resemblance to the European privet sawfly, Macrophyta punctumalbum; see ). It’s larva appears almost slug-like - see . This species is a relatively recent (ca. 1983-1990) introduction to North America, and can be quite destructive.
Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1359  We live in Chilliwack, BC. I found one of these crawling across our family room floor (10 year old house in the mountains). This is the second one if it's kind that I found in the toilet. We are concerned that it might be a brown recluse... It is medium brown and about the size of a quarter. We couldn't make out a clear fiddle shape on it's back, but there was a darker spot there. Please email us back and let us know if there is anything to be concerned about. Thank you! Lauren
This a male spider, possibly an agelenid (funnel-web/grass spiders); definitely not a brown recluse (Loxosceles reclusa). You are far outside the known range of the brown recluse in North America - see for a distribution map and more details on this spider. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1358  I live in Indianapolis Indiana and for three years now in the spring (late April - March) we find these in our upstairs bedrooms. They range in size from about .25-.75" long. We have large Maple trees that reach over the house so they may be dropping in from above. Looking at some of the other posts (1217) it looks like it could be a moth in the family Noctuidae, such as the large yellow underwing, Noctua pronuba. I need to know what it is and how to keep them out of my house without using harmful chemicals. Every time my wife finds one she calls me at work sobbing. Please help!    -Barret
Although this could be a caterpillar in the family Noctuidae, the diagnostic characters cannot be seen in this image. I suggest that you contact the Marion County office of Purdue University’s Cooperative Extension Service (see to see if (1) this problem has been reported by other residents, and (2) anyone there can be of assistance in identification and make any necessary control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1357  Hello, these wonderful little things are found in the earth in our lawn areas. They are usually found just a bit below the surface in the areas of thinner grass with very sandy soil. These were found in April. They are approximately 3 cm. in length. We live on Salt Spring Island, BC. Thank You, Michael
These are "white grubs," larvae of scarab beetles. Some species, such as the Japanese beetle, feed on the roots of grasses, and when abundant, can cause considerable turf damage. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1356  This is the second bug I have found like this in my living in the past 2 weeks. It is basically black with orange on the wings. They were both dead and found in the morning. I live in Charleston SC. Thanks for the help!
A dorsal view would be more helpful for identification purposes. Because of that, I cannot be certain, but one of the commoner bugs matching your description is the boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata; Hemiptera: Rhopalidae). See no. 1195 for an example, and if the dorsal aspect of your specimens differs significantly from that insect, please submit another photo.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1355  Hello, I live in Maple ridge, B.C., and have encountered this strange bug. At first I thought it was a stonefly, heck, maybe it is a stonefly, but the pictures I found on the internet did not match. I've only ever found it outside, on fences and walls. As you can see in relation to my thumb it's not very big at all. It does not bite when I pick it up and is very docile. The most it ever does is vibrate, I guess as a way to scare me off. I'm curious as to this bug's identity and any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks. Eileen
This appears to be an alderfly (Neuroptera: Sialidae), note the expanded fourth segment of its tarsi; see for an image. Like stoneflies, larvae of alderflies are aquatic, usually found under stones in streams, where they are predaceous on other small aquatic insects. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1354  Perhaps not really bugs, but they do bug me. They appear in large groups around my shed, on the shed's outside walls, on the composters and a poplar tree nearby, as well as around my window about 2 m from the shed. While uprooting bushes nearby, I found an army of them spewing out from the ground at the base of the bush (do they make tunnels like ants?). They do fly, but there's a reason I named the picture "Lazy Bug" - I can pick one up without hardly stirring it. They do not bite (or maybe don't like the way I taste), but I can't help swat or flick them off my skin as a reflex; and there can be several on me at any given time (probably just want to rest their lazy whatever wherever). Anyway, any suggestion on how to get rid of them would be appreciated (unless of course removing the bushes will see them eliminated as well).  Thanks in advance,  Nhuan, Kitchener, ON
This is a true bug (order Hemiptera). It appears to be a member of the family Lygaeidae, such as the birch catkin bug (Kleidocerys resedae; see       for an image. If this what you have, you should note a distinct odour if they are crushed - see for more information including control recommendations. Lygaeids are not burrowers; they likely were just seeking shelter in debris under the bush.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1353  If anyone can help, I would like to know what this bug is.  I just bought a house in Burlington, Ontario,  and have discovered a few of these bugs during my renovations.  Phil.
 This appears to be a silverfish, a primitive insect in the order Thysanura. They can be household pests, feeding on a wide variety of starchy materials, including book bindings, wallpaper paste, and some stored food products. See no. 1303 for another example, and for a fact sheet that includes control measures.
1352  We've found a couple of these wandering on the walls and drapes in out condo. Can you help figure out what they are?  Thank you. Erik
This appears to be a carpet beetle in the genus Anthrenus, see nos. 1331 and 1307 for other examples and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1351  We live in Virginia. We have lived here for almost two years, and for every month that it is warm here we tend to find these black bugs that fly in my sons room. We have never had or seen them anywhere else. They fly around the room and then they land in his carpet until I vacuum them up. Please help me identify them so that I can get rid of them.
This is a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae), a very large family with at least 3,000 species known from North America. The vast majority of these beetles are general predators on other small arthropods, and therefor may be considered beneficial. As in any large family, there are a few exceptions, such as the seedcorn beetles that can be agricultural pests. Predaceous ground beetles frequently are found indoors, where they have wandered in search of prey. Short of hermetically sealing your house, you likely will be unable to exclude them completely. If you cannot tolerate their presence, simply sweep them up and escort them outdoors where they may continue their hunting. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1350  I live in eastern Pennsylvania and been encountering these flying insets a few (2-4) every day for the last month or so. They are about 5/16 " long. Any suggestions would be helpful.  Robert
This moth is too damaged to permit a positive i.d. - however, on the chance that it might be a household/pantry pest (clothes moth/meal moth, etc.), you may wish to examine infestable food products (cereals, pasta, dried fruit, dry pet food, etc.) and woolen fabrics for any sign of insect infestation or damage. In the meantime, if you can locate a specimen in better condition, you could submit a new photo. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1349  I just recently moved to Hamilton Ontario and i notice these in my basement in the summer time.  Some of them get to about the size of my pinki..  Any help would be appreciated..  Nav.
This is a house centipede (Scutigera coleoptrata). They are general predators on other small arthropods, and although larger specimens are capable on inflicting a painful bite if mishandled, they are not aggressive and harmless to humans. See no. 1251 for another example and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1348  I live in the st. louis, mo area in the United States. My daughter found this bug on her bed, though just before finding it, she had a box from her closet on the bed. I'm assuming the insect came from the box. At first I thought it was a roach, but it didn't have any wings. Also I haven't seen these bugs anywhere else in the house. Though I'm going to be going through our storage boxes and seeing if I locate any others. Though knowing what this insect is, would help tremendously in disposing of any that might be around. I would appreciate any help that can be given thank you.  Ty
This is a cockroach nymph, likely that of one of the larger species such as those in the genus Periplaneta; see   for an image. I suggest that you obtain a few ‘roach motels’ (sticky traps) and place them next to walls in the closet, other storage areas, and the kitchen. If you find more of these insects in a day or two, you may have an infestation and should take appropriate control measures - see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1347  These cool looking bugs were found outside in northern California at an elevation of about 3000ft in an oak / conifer forested area.  They are each about 1 cm in length.  Their coloring is really interesting, reminding me of art glass.  Does anyone know what they are?  Thanks, Jeff.
Beautiful photo! These are treehoppers (Homoptera: Membracidae), possibly the oak treehopper, Platycotis vittata; see Many species have their pronotum highly ornamented, sometimes bizarrely so (see ; others (such as these) appear thornlike. They are sap feeders, but only a few species are considered pests. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1346   I found this in my queens, New York apartment building. There were two of them twitching on the floor in the bedroom. (I recently sprayed the corners with lambda cyanohydrin.) They're about 2-3mms long. I think they have 3 pairs of legs and 1 pair of antenna.  Lau
This appears to be a shiny spider beetle (Gibbium psylloides; Coleoptera: Ptinidae); see  for an image. Spider beetles can be pantry pests, feeding on a wide variety of organic materials. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV. 
1345   This spider bit my wife this morning in the basement of our house in Pickering Ont.(down near Lake Ontario). Could you please help identifying it and should we worry?   Thank you in advance.  Rick Proctor
This could be a female wolf spider (family Lycosidae; note lack of visible spinnerettes and reflection of light from large eyes). They often are found indoors, and although larger specimens (such as this one) can deliver a painful bite if mishandled, they are harmless to humans. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1344  Hello, I live in Kentville, Nova Scotia.  I found these little things inside the doors of my car, under the hood and in various other places on the car.  They are about 1.5 cm long, white.  Are they bugs, cocoons or maybe just seeds?  Help...April.
These do appear to be cocoons, but of what I cannot be certain. I suggest that you place a few of these in a lidded (but not airtight) container and see what emerges.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1343  We have tons of these bugs crawling around our house each spring and summer.  I find them in groups all over particularly on the floor, counters and on fabrics like blankets and clothes.  They are black with a stripe on their back with 6 legs.  PLEASE tell me what they are and how to get rid of them.  Thanks, Leisa
This is a larder beetle (Dermestes lardarius; Coleoptera: Dermestidae; see no. 1302 for another example). It is a pantry pest that feeds primarily on proteinaceous items such as cured meats, cheeses, dried fish, dry pet food, etc. See  for a fact sheet that includes control measures. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1342  Hello, I'm writing from Niagara Falls, Ontario.  For the past few months I have been finding these tiny beetles in one of our bedrooms, sometimes on the carpet, sometimes on my computer desk. About one a day now. We have no idea where they are from or how they get inside. Are they harmful to us?  Thanks.  Daniel
These could be black carpet beetles (Attagenus unicolor; Coleoptera: Dermestidae); see  and for images. The larvae of these beetles are general feeders on a wide variety of animal-based protein materials, including woolen fabrics. Check any woolen carpeting you may have (especially along the edges) for signs of the larvae (see for an image and no. 1333 for another example) or their damage. See for a fact sheet that includes control measures. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1341 Good morning,  I live in Barrie Ontario and during the warmer days, we find these weird looking guys crawling around on the floors.  Only one at a time and usually once a week or so, they aren’t much of a problem.  I see them around outside a lot, they are grey and black (usually), lots of legs (whitish colour) and seem to be quite strong. Please review my picture and maybe we can figure out what kind of bug this is.  Thanks,  Brad Fuller
This is actually a sow bug which is similar in appearance to pill bugs.  Sow bugs have 2 protrusions at the rear which prevent it from rolling into a tight ball like pill bugs.  For a full description and more photos see Sow bugs and Pill bugs
1340  Hello, I live in Denton, Texas... I caught this guy crawling up the wall, and had to put him outside. He was quite a fast little guy! Does anyone know him? Thank you!  -Cat

This appears to be a red-spotted antmimic spider (Castianeira descripta; Aranae:Corrinidae); sometimes known as a velvet ant mimic spider - see  for an image. They are harmless to humans. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1339  Hi! We found this "bug house" on the ceiling in our closet over a hole in the wood. Do you know what was inside it? And where it my be now?  Thanks,  Robin
This does not look like any insect-created construction that I am familiar with. The only thing that comes even close is a termite tube, but this structure appears quite atypical for that possibility. It may be a fungus; try probing the wood in the immediate vicinity with a sharp pointed tool such as an awl. If the wood is fungus-infested, the probe should enter easily. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1338  I live in SW France and this little fella just fell out of my wooden ceiling on to my computer! Should I be worried? I found your web-site very interesting and informative bye the way.  Hope you can help.  Craig Dymock
The photo is a bit fuzzy, but this could be a larva of a carpet beetle (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). These insects will feed on a wide variety of organic materials, including woolen fabrics. See nos. 1333, 1330, 1210 and 1200 for other examples, and  for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV. 
1337  I have taken a picture of a spider in my bathroom.  I've seen these spiders off and on for a couple of years.  Which is worrisome as it points to a nest.  I've seen 4 or 5 (6?) over that time.  Always at night and running quickly, just for a few seconds, in the living room to hide under things.   But  I came across this last one in my bathroom.    On the counter.   I took a picture of it quickly but didn't want to get too close.    I live in North Surrey, BC and am not sure at what time of year I usually see them.   I've just researched spiders a little and been horrified to discover that there are some pretty nasty ones here in BC.   I didn't know.    So I almost hate to ask- but what kind is this?  And it is something I should be worried about- poisonous, etc?  Thanks Colleen
Again, I cannot be certain, but this could be a funnel-web/grass spider (family Agelenidae); wolf spiders, which also commonly are found indoors, have at least one pair of forward-facing eyes greatly enlarged. In the family Agelenidae, there are at least three species in the genus Tegeneria that occur in British Columbia. The bite of one of these, the so-called ‘Hobo spider’ (Tegenaria agrestis), has been implicated in causing slowly-healing necrotic lesions, but real proof of this appears lacking; see . The only truly dangerous spider to humans found in British Columbia is the Western black widow (Latrocectus hesperus). Finally, you can find a good deal of factual information on spiders in relation to humans elsewhere on this website - see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1336  I think this creature came in through my window - I live on the 6th floor of an apartment building in downtown Toronto.  I found him sneaking out from under my fridge.  It had long legs stretched out on either side like a spider, but they're curled underneath now.  It moved fairly slowly - I didn't see it jump or fly.  It also lost an antenna upon its demise.  His body (w/ head) is about 1.5cm.  Thanks!  Jill
The specimen is a bit too mangled to be certain, but if the objects projecting from the end of its abdomen are cerci, it likely is a small cockroach, such as the German or brown-banded cockroach. Have a look at the images of cockroaches at to see if any match what you have. If your specimen is not a cockroach, it most likely is a harmless accidental intruder. Just in case, you might try putting out a couple of ‘roach motels’ on the floor next to the wall in the kitchen to see if anything takes up residence there. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1335  We live in downtown Toronto, and had new wall to wall carpet with felt padding put in our partially finished basement last October. About 3 weeks ago (End of March) I began finding these beetle like bugs on the new carpet. I've looked twice on your excellent site, and could not find any quite like ours. The dark grey, almost black oval back is segmented and from underneath somewhat resembles a light coloured pistachio shell. There are two tiny pincers coming out of the back end and small feelers out the front. Underneath, I think I counted 8 legs on each side.  We've never had an infestation of any kind until now, and it suspiciously coincides with this carpet installation. Also under the 4X3 foot plastic carpet protector in front of this computer desk is ANOTHER bug underneath. I suspect it came up through the carpet, rather than crawling to the middle! Thanks so very much for your help!  Helen in Toronto
    You have sow bugs.  They are quite common in finished basements if steps were not taken to eliminate moisture problems.  Sow bugs can not survive in dry conditions.  Read more about sow bugs on this web site
1334  Help Help Help! I moved to San Diego, CA about a month ago and in the past week I have found seven of these little black bugs in my apartment. They are either found in the living room (on the walls on or near our sliding glass door) during the day or on the counters/ in the sink of the kitchen. The one I found in the sink was in the morning and it seemed to have gotten trapped there. They do no move that fast and do not seem to mind light since I have seen more in the day time then morning. I have not seen any sign of feeding on our bread or cereal or any other food. It is about 1/2 cm long and I hope from the picture you can give me some insight about what it is!  I have been doing some research but it does not seem to fit the habits of roaches, and I am terrified of bugs so I could use some help figuring out what this is and what to do about it. Please please please help me !!
The image is not clear enough to be certain, but this could be a young nymph of a brown-banded cockroach, Supella longipalpa. This species can be more difficult to control than other peridomestic cockroaches, as they are not as dependent on remaining close to sources of moisture, and thus may be found in different situations than most other cockroaches. See no. 1304 and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1333   I found this guy crawling on a pillow which has been lying on the floor for a few months in our bedroom. a lot of dust in and around the area? what is this? Anthony
This could be a larva of a carpet beetle (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) in the genus Attagenus. They will feed on a wide variety of organic materials, including woolen fabrics. See nos. 1330, 1210 and 1200 for other examples, and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1332  We first noticed these little bugs a few months ago and they are still showing up. We live in NC and mainly see them in the bathtubs, showers or around water...sometimes crawling on the walls. They are always all black and they seem to have a hard outer shell.
Thanks so much.  Leigh Ann.
Although the image is too fuzzy to be certain, these weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) bear a close resemblance to those in the genus Sitophilus. Weevils in this genus include several species that can be pantry pests, so you may wish to inspect infestible food products (primarily seeds/grains, including rice, maize, wheat, rye, millet, etc.) in your pantry for signs of these beetles or their damage. See no. 1176 for an example, and for a fact sheet that includes images of these weevils as well as several other pantry pests. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1331 I have been finding this bug on my kitchen and laundry room windowsills for the past three days.  They are driving me crazy.  They are very small, about the size of a pencil lead and are dark brown with three white stripes across the back.  They have six legs and have hard shells covering wings. HELP!
These appear to be adult carpet beetles (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) in the genus Anthrenus. See no. 1307 for another example, and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. The adults primarily are pollen feeders but often are found indoors, it is the larval stage (see no. 1330) that does the real damage. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
I just found these in my house too.  I think they are varied carpet beetles.  More info at: food and fabric pests/carpet_beetles.htm     Tracy
1330  I am in Toronto, Canada.  I have found these on occasion in my home, mostly in dust bunnies, once on the carpet.  I though it could be a larvae, but I have yet to see what bug it may be.  I have also found exoskeletons (sp?) but never any actual bugs of any kind.  Any ideas? Natalie
 This appears to be a larva of a carpet beetle (Coleoptera: Dermestidae), possibly in the genus Attagenus. See nos. 1210 and 1200 for other examples, and for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
1329  Attached is a photograph of two holes that have recently appeared in one of my teak furniture pieces.  We have not seen a bug........ when the first hole appeared... a pile of sawdust was below the hole (month or more ago)... Just today.. a new hole has appeared... with some more wood dust below it...Any idea what this is... and what we should do to get rid of it? You help is greatly appreciated! Cheers,  Geary
If the holes are a few millimeters in diameter, they likely are exit/emergence holes made by long-horned wood-boring beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Some species have a very long larval stage, with the adults sometimes emerging from wood that has been made into furniture. See for images of Stromatium barbatum, a teak-infesting species that can spend up to 10 years as a larva. Most cerambycids will not reinfest structural wood in the house. If the holes are 1.5mm or smaller in diameter, they could be emergence holes of powderpost beetles (Coleoptera: Anobiidiae/Bostrichidae/Lyctidae). These beetles will attack any wood that is not painted or varnished. See for more information. If your furniture items are relatively small, they may be ‘bagged’ for heat treatment or fumigation. Contact a professional pest management company for assistance. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1328  Greetings from Ft. Worth, TX! This bug is about 3/8" or 1cm in length and was found along with hundreds of brothers and sisters on the leaves of a tree - busily eating. They have some features consistent with lady beetle larvae, but the coloring is wrong. Any help is appreciated!
This appears to be a larva of a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The larvae of many species in this very large family bear a superficial resemblance to lady beetle larvae; see   for the larvae of the cottonwood leaf beetle, Chrysomela scripta. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1327  Found on a canyon wall, outside of Hinton. Bit of an accidental capture, I was shooting the rock for texture, noticed the bug upon downloading the images once I was home.  Thanks, RH
This is a mayfly (order Ephemeroptera). As the order name indicates, these insects are very short-lived as adults; some species survive less than 24 hours after maturation. Their larvae (naiads) are aquatic, usually in streams. For more information, see  and Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
    1326  It is poisonous or not?  Regards, Jason
Seneca, SC

These appear to be newly hatched nymphs of an assassin bug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) called the wheel bug (Arilus cristatus). They are general predators on other small arthropods, and although not poisonous/venomous per se, their saliva contains powerful proteolytic enzymes used to break down tissues of their prey. Large specimens therefore are capable of delivering a painful ‘bite’ if mishandled. See for much more information on these insects.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.           

1325  Hello, I live in a 100 year old house in Chicago. I woke up itching a few weeks ago, so I washed my sheets. No problems until a few days ago, when I again woke up again itching. I have since torn my house apart. All I could find were these balls in a crack between the floor and the baseboard adjacent to my bed, there were a total of about ten. I figure they may be a bug's waste. Thank you for your great website.
The photo is too fuzzy to be absolutely certain, but these objects do not appear to insect excrement of any kind. If the itching is accompanied by a rash or ‘bumps,’bed bugs would be a possibility - see and Regardless, I suggest that you see a dermatologist/allergist to see if they can be of assistance, as there are many causes of such itching other than insect/arthropod infestations; see  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1324  One single ant showed up at my apartment in Farmington Hills, in Michigan, USA. The size was amazing to me (2cm).  I love the website of yours. It is great! Thank you, Tiffani
This is a very good photo of a carpenter ant.  Not being an entomologist I will guess it is probably Camponotus Herculeanus although it looks very similar to the modoc species common on the west coast. This is a major worker (female).  At this time of year (March) it probably emerged from a nest in your home.  It is too cold for outdoor nests to be active.
Larry Cross.  Pest Control Services, Gulf Islands.
Although color and size in themselves are imprecise determiners in identification, I think that this specimen more likely is a queen of Camponotus pennsylvanicus than a major worker of C. herculeanus. Major workers of either species have a maximum reported length of about 15mm with their heads usually broader than long, and specimens of C. herculeanus usually are less uniformly black/piceous. Also, according to the Checklist of the Ants of Michigan (, C. herculeanus has not been reported from Oakland County where Farmington Hills is located. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1323  I found this patterned bug near Milton, Ontario and was hoping someone could help to identify it. Nick 
This appears to be a pale color variant of the two-spotted stink bug, Perillus bioculatus (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae); see for an image and No. 1293 on this page for a darker color variant. Unlike most other pentatomids, this species is predaceous on other small arthropods, and is considered beneficial. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1322  These bugs have appeared inside the house in the last four weeks. We live in western Washington State. Recently some of them have started flying. I would like to get an id and a life span. Thanks.  John
This appears to be a seed bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae), bearing a close resemblance to Rhyparochromus vulgaris; see for an image. This species is a native of Eurasia, but recently has been introduced to the West Coast (see . Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1321  My brother found this in our cellar. We live in the city but a block away from Lake Ontario. I don't know exactly how big it is because I'm scared of it. But this picture says enough for me. Our cellar is dark, cool & damp.  I'm worried that its deadly... Roberta
This most likely is a wolf spider (family Lycosidae); if you scroll down through these pages, you will see many other examples. These spiders frequently wander indoors in their searches for prey, but although larger specimens can deliver a painful bite if mishandled, they are not aggressive, and are harmless to humans. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1320  This was found in my home in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. I have found a few over the last year walking on the basement carpet. However this one was taken from the attic where I have had to do some pest control for mice with mouse poison and traps. It was located with 3 or 4 more of these with mouse feces and poison. As you can see it is approx. 1/2" long tan in colour with a darker tan head and tail. The tail is pointy. The head has a dark pin head spot in the middle sporting 2 small antennas. It also has 6 legs dragging the elongated body moving fairly quick. Can you help, and how do I rid the house of these?  Thank you!  Guy
The photo is too fuzzy to be certain, but this could be a young larva of a mealworm (Tenebrio spp; Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) or another member of this family; see for an image. If such is the case, you also should be seeing some larger examples (full-grown larvae can be more than an inch long) as well as adult beetles (see for an image). The primary control method for mealworms is sanitation - removal of potential harborage and food sources; see for more details. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1319  This was found in my home in Colorado, USA. It was sitting on the wall. I was curious what this might be.  Thank you.  Paul
This appears to be an ichneumon wasp (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). They are all parasitic on other arthropods, and are harmless to humans. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1318  Found these 1/4 inch pests on my kitchen floor in South Carolina - can you help me identify them. I love this webpage and the wonderful information it contains. David
You may want to schedule a termite inspection for your premises, as these could be de-alated reproductive caste termites, having shed their wings. At first glance, I thought that they might be small rove beetles, but their antennae have too many segments, and I can see no trace of elytra (wing covers) in the images. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1317  Hello, We've come across this insect twice this week so far (it's finally been above zero for more than a day...).  Sorry for the poor quality, I was afraid that if I took a picture with the flash on that it might fly off, which would then make it much more difficult to kill (I'm thinking now that it either doesn't have wings or is unable to fly, but I'm not sure by any means).  Both times that we came across it, my wife just finished having a bath - I'm not sure if this information might be important.  It seems to be a beetle of some sort, with a mainly red abdomen and black thorax, where on the top of the thorax (near the head - but on the sides, where I suppose shoulders would be), it has a red dot (one on each side, left and right) surrounded by a white circle.  It's about 4mm long, and both times, we found it merrily crawling along the ceiling.  It also has quite long antenna.  The closest image that I could find in my short internet search is  one belonging to the Japanese Cedar Longhorned Beetle , but that is certainly not the right insect for the one that we're seeing is smaller and the abdomen isn't quire right (not nearly enough red in it) - but other than that, the proportions are about right.   Thank you for your assistance.  Dustin.
The photo is too fuzzy to be certain, but this appears to be a soft-winged flower beetle (Coleoptera: Melyridae), possibly in the genus Malachius (see  for an image, and No. 939 for another example. It likely is a harmless accidental intruder in your home. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
I just saw the answer to my inquiry, and the link to the other (and good) picture of one of these bugs ( ).  Thank you very much for your assistance!  That pretty much exactly looks like what we saw!  Dustin.
pseudoscorpion1316  Here is my interesting bug.  I think it's some kind of spider, but I've never seen one like this before. It's reddish brown and aside from the usual 8 legs, it has two extra long "arms" that have some kind of claw on the ends like crabs do, and it can open and close those claws.  This particular one is about 3.5 mm in length in the body. The arms with the claws on them are almost 5 mm when fully extended, making the whole bug about 8 mm in total length.   We live rurally near Durham, Ontario and have a river running past right outside our home.  I usually find these guys in the bathroom, but have found them all over the house, in the living room, our bedroom and my son's bedroom, as well as in the kitchen.  It's not especially fast running as I have captured several using packing tape in an effort to show them and try to identify them.  This one I captured in a jar and can try to provide better pictures or a short video clip if you prefer. I am really curious as to what it is as I can't find anything like it on-line or in a spider/insect book I have.  Thanks. Nuala Robinson 
This is a pseudoscorpion (Arachnida: Chelonethida/Pseudoscorpionida). They are harmless (to humans) general predators on other small arthropods. See nos. 1119, 1083, and 1072 for other examples.Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
male_ fishing/dock_ spider1315  Hi, this is Darrin from Poughkeepsie, NY.  I found this spider in my basement over the past summer.  We live in a log home in a heavily forested area, and am assuming this bugger is a wood spider, but have yet to see one get this large.  He is about the size of my palm or roughly four square inches. 
This more likely is a male fishing/dock spider (family Pisauridae) such as Dolomedes tenebrosus - large individuals of this species can have leg spans up to 3.5 inches. These spiders can be differentiated from their close relatives, wolf spiders (family Lycosidae) by their eye pattern - see  and   Both are harmless to humans, although specimens this large could deliver a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1314  I found these bugs all around the basement perimeter in one of our rental units in Outlook, SK.  The tenant had been faithfully spraying them since October '06 when she finally had  enough and called in the problem in March '07.   There have only been a dozen appear on the main level of this 3 bedroom bungalow.  There is a large aquarium in the basement with the fish from the backyard pond  along with a few plants started for spring planting but  humidity in the basement did not seem excessively high. Hopefully someone can identify these bugs or let me know if you need better pictures. Cam
  The photo is too fuzzy to be certain, but this could be a spider beetle in the genus Ptinus (see species illustrations/ptinus_fur.jpg   for an illustration). In the wild, these beetles usually are found scavenging in nests of birds, bees, or rodents, but they often become household/pantry pests, infesting a wide variety of organic materials. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Authorities differ as to whether spider beetles belong in a family of their own (Ptinidae) or should be included in the family Anobiidae as subfamily Ptininae.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV. 
1313  Please identify this insect/worm.  We found a lot of them in our barn in Frenchburg, Kentucky around the beams.  They are a darker brown on the top and a lighter brown on the bottom.  They only have a couple sets of legs unlike a millipede or a centipede.  Can they damage the wood and how do we get rid of them?  Please help.  Justin
This is a beetle larva, but the photo is too fuzzy to attempt a determination. However, it does not appear to be a wood borer of any kind, and could even be a predator on wood-boring insects. I suggest that you take some specimens to the Menifee County office of the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service (see for contact information) to see if someone there can assist you in their identification. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
Mole_Cricket1312  Hi! found this out the back of our home in south Australia. can anyone tell what it is? it is about 30mm long, and almost looks like it had a second 'sting' thing. it was trying to dig into the ground. Aaron
This is a mole cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae), so-called because of their burrowing habit. What looks to be a ‘stinger’ is actually one of a pair (the left one is missing) of sense organs called cerci; they are harmless. In some areas of the USA, mole crickets can be turf or garden pests, but this does not seem to be the case in Australia. See  for a nice article on Australian mole crickets. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
Flea1311  Hello,  This bug bit my wife 5 times in a 2 cm area which produced some considerable swelling. I then found it in her clothing. This one is a bit squashed now. Our guess is a flea, but it seems to crawl and doesn't hop.  We live in Oregon and have had some trouble with bites in the bedroom.  It seems to appear in spring, and we have had many bites. We also have birds in the attic, no indication of bedbugs.  Thanks!  Jon
This is indeed a flea, such as the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis; Siphonaptera: Pulicidae - see Also, see for a fact sheet on the biology and control of cat fleas. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
wolf spider1310  Hey there, Was wanting to know if you knew what kind of spider this is.  I live in China Grove, NC and saw this spider in my backyard after I dug a hole for my tomato plant.  I don't know if this came from the dirt I dug up or not.  Thanks, Kim
Although the photo is quite fuzzy, this appears to be a female wolf spider (family Lycosidae) with her egg sac attached to her spinnerettes at the end of her abdomen. Lycosids are well known for the remarkable (for a spider) degree of parental care given their offspring; see Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV
Long_horned_beetle1309  We live outside of Victoria BC in a semi rural district and this bug and a couple of his mates just started turning up inside our house.  Keith. 
This is a long-horned wood-boring beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the tribe Clytini;possibly Neoclytus conjunctus. Markings on this species can be quite variable; see for an idealized drawing and fig. 75 in for a photo of a California specimen. Host species reportedly include Oregon ash, various white oaks, eucalyptus, pear, and apple trees; if any infested trees are cut for lumber, they should be utilized promptly, otherwise the larvae of these beetles may render the wood useless for anything but firewood.  Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
Male_spider1308 This spider was found originally on the roof of my kitchen, and then progressed down to the floor where he started to go for a dead fly that I'm assuming blew in with the air-conditioning unit this summer.  I've never seen anything like it - definitely not your common black house-spider, and I had a wolf spider reside outside my bedroom window for a few months.  This was in Edmonton, Alberta, in the kitchen of the top floor of a walk-up.  What kind of spider is it and is it dangerous????  PS (I'm not sure if you'll e-mail a response back to me in regards to what kind of spider it is.)  Thanks for your help,  Heather
 This is a male spider (note the enlarged pedipalps); it could be a wolf spider (Lycosidae; this is a very large family, and not all look alike) as I cannot see any spinnerettes. However, that could be because of the aspect from which the photo was taken. If it has spinnerettes easily visible from viewing the spider directly from above, it more likely would be a funnel-web/grass spider in the family Agelenidae. Regardless, neither would be dangerous to humans, although larger specimens are capable of a painful bite - see no. 1306. BTW, the ‘fly’ in the photo is a barklouse (order Psocoptera). Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
Carpet_beetle1307  Found this at night on window sill.  If you want better pics, I can probably find more in the morning light / mark f.  Salt Spring Island, BC.
This appears to be a carpet beetle (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) in the genus Anthrenus. See for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
1306  Hi, I found this spider on my brick wall outside my home. He is missing a leg. I live in the eastern townships in Quebec. this spider was 1inch long in the body and 1.5 inches on each leg.  Thank you, Shannon
This most likely is a female wolf spider (family Lycosidae). They often are found around or in homes as they wander about in search of prey. Another possibility is a female fishing/dock/nursery web spider (family Pisauridae). Closely related to wolf spiders, they may be told apart by their eye pattern. Wolf spiders have one pair of their forward-facing eyes greatly enlarged (see 
 Pisaurids lack this feature; see
  Both of these spiders basically are harmless to humans, but larger specimens can deliver a painful bite if mishandled. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
springtail  1305    Hi!  I have noticed that everytime summer is about to come, this little insects start appearing in my house floor, it’s in the same corner each year, they are extremely small like 1-2 mm, and they seem to jump when you try to get them. I hope you can help me id these insects.  P.S. I live in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. Thanks, Oliver Q.
These most likely are primitive arthropods (authorities differ as to whether or not they should be considered true insects) in the order Collembola. Commonly called ‘springtails,’ many species in this group are capable of jumping by means of an organ on the underside of their abdomen called a furcula. Basically harmless to humans ( a few species can be pests on tender vegetation), many are considered nuisance pests when they get indoors. Control generally is not necessary, but they can be discouraged by eliminating unnecessary moisture sources in and around the perimeter of the home. See for a fact sheet on these fascinating creatures. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
cockroach_nymph1304  Hello,  Very small bug (3/16 inch) found in kitchen in early morning.  Thanks,  David
This is a young cockroach nymph, likely a brown-banded cockroach, Supella longipalpa. This species can be more difficult to control than other peridomestic cockroaches, as they are not as dependent on remaining close to sources of moisture. See   for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
sowbug1303  I live in a two-story townhome in Squamish BC. It is an older building with many cracks and holes and entry points for little critters. My 19 month old son keeps getting these little spots that look like bug bites and i was also painfully bit a few weeks ago in our upstairs bathroom. the lino behind the toilet gapes about 1 inch from the wall and is looks very dirty and rotted out, a nice place for bugs to hide and we find about 5 silverfish a week in this room. The biting insect vanished after i swatted him off me yet i was lucky enough to find a similar looking species downstairs in our kitchen when i pulled out the garbage this evening. any help identifying this culprit is GREATLY appreciated!  On a different note, do silverfish pose any threat to humans? i know they do not bite but do they damage a home/contents or carry any bacteria or diseases on them? thanks again!
This is a sowbug, a terrestrial crustacean in the order Isopoda. They are harmless scavengers, neither biting nor carrying any diseases. They are, however, often considered nuisance pests, and their presence usually is indicative of excess moisture levels. See for a fact sheet that includes control measures. Silverfish (Thysanura: Lepismatidae) will feed on all manner of starchy materials, from that found in bookbindings, wallpaper and clothing to some pantry items. Although they certainly can be nuisance pests, they pose no threat to human health. See  for a fact sheet that includes control recommendations. Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.

Jason here from Solutions Pest Control Ltd. based in Squamish, BC.
I would be pleased to come by the residence and collect a sample & perform a free inspection. I would then be better able to find a solution to the problem. Regards, Jason Page.  I can be reached at 604-815-0093
larder_beetle1302 Hi my name is Mary and I keep finding this bugs all over the floor in my home .when they are in flat , smooth  floor they are very quick running but on rugs they struggle to walk. They are black with the middle like a deep dark Tan color, and on the tan color they have tiny little dots . What are they and if I should be seriously worry about bites or anything else. How do i get rid of them? I have tried everything ,like bombing the rooms, and nothing they keep appearing.
This is a larder beetle (Dermestes lardarius; Coleoptera: Dermestidae). This species is a pantry pest, feeding primarily on proteinaceous items, including cured meats, cheeses, dried fish, dry pet food, etc. See for a fact sheet that includes control measures. Since they keep reappearing, you likely have an infestation somewhere in your house. You should check all infestible items in your premises for signs of these beetles, their larvae (see for an image), or their feeding damage. The one thing you do not have to worry about is their biting anyone! Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.
weevil 1301       Hello - We live in a 7th floor condo overlooking a park and the Lachine Canal in downtown Montreal.  About this time last year we began to see these bugs, about one a day, sluggishly crawling across the living room carpet.  This went on for about 2 months and then stopped.  3 weeks ago, the same bugs started to emerge in the same pattern.  They are less than 1/2 inch long and soft greyish brown in color.  Do they hibernate in my balcony plants which I bring in during the winter? What kind of bug is it, is this cyclical, is there some way to avoid getting them?   Thanks, Gail Casey
This appears to be a short-snouted weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae; subfamily Otiorhynchinae). Like Pest no. 1283, it also resembles the black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus; see  for an image). Your specimens most likely are accidental indoor invaders, but you may wish to inspect your house plants for the feeding damage characteristic for this species ( Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV.





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